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* This can be seen in full here as a PDF, and reports on the debate in the Church Times, 8 July, are here and Christian News, 10 July, here. See Ed Shaw’s blog for feedback from a same-sex attracted man who took part in the debate.

* Conversion therapy refers to anyone offering psychological or spiritual help (i.e. counselling/ prayer) to turn from a LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) lifestyle. (My definition) The motion defines it as: “Conversion therapy, also known as “reparative therapy” or “sexual reorientation therapy”, is designed to change one’s sexual orientation from non-heterosexual to heterosexual.”

By Les Sherlock July 2017

In July 2017, the Church of England Synod, amongst other things, discussed and voted to accept a Private Member’s Motion * by Jayne Ozanne (Oxford), which began:

12 That this synod:
“ (a) endorse the statement (see below) of 16 January 2017 signed by The UK Council for Psychotherapy, The Royal College of General Practitioners and others that the practice of conversion therapy * has no place in the modern world, is unethical, harmful and not supported by evidence…”

The first point of the summary in the motion says:

“The Bible teaches us that we are each fearfully and wonderfully made (Ps.139.14), and that we should praise God's gift of our creation. Thus, our diversity as human beings is a reflection of God's creativity and something to celebrate. The biblical concern is not with what we are but how we choose to live our lives, meaning that differing sexual orientations and gender identities are not inherently sinful, nor mental health disorders to be “cured”.”

During the debate, the Revd Dr Sean Doherty (London) moved the following * amendment, based on sound Biblical teaching, which was defeated:

55 Leave out everything after “That this Synod:” and insert  
“(a) note the statement of 16 January 2017 signed by The UK Council for Psychotherapy, The Royal College of General Practitioners and others concerning the practice of conversion therapy;
(b) affirm that all sexuality is equally affected by the Fall and that therefore Christian therapies and pastoral practices which assume otherwise are not warranted;
(c) affirm that pastoral care, prayer ministry and professional counselling are legitimate means of supporting individuals who choose them freely, provided that they respect the proper dignity of human beings and do not involve coercion or manipulation or make unwarranted promises about the removal of unwanted feelings; and
(d) ask the House of Bishops to draw up guidelines for work in this area to discourage inappropriate pastoral practices, and to encourage good ones.”

* Available here.

Also during the debate, Andrea Williams proposed an amendment inserting the words:

“as revealed in the Bible and taught by the church”

…to a motion calling for politicians to:

“prioritise the common good of all people.”

In response to this, the Archbishop of York, John Sentamu, concluded his reply by saying:

“If you’re going to serve the whole community please don’t limit our language…The Word became flesh and sadly we are now making it Word, Word and Word again. Resist the amendments.”

There are two issues here:

  • The principles by which we determine truth, right and wrong
  • The correct Christian attitude to sexuality

The Principles

The Church of England only exists because of the Reformation, which began in Europe with Martin Luther’s ‘95 thesis’, published in 1517. The resulting movement back to the truth of the Gospel, which had been adulterated by succeeding generations of Roman Catholic Church leaders, spread across Europe and was made possible in England by King Henry VIII.


In England, the Reformation began with Henry VIII’s quest for a male heir. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon so he could remarry, the English king declared in 1534 that he alone should be the final authority in matters relating to the English church. Henry dissolved England’s monasteries to confiscate their wealth and worked to place the Bible in the hands of the people. Beginning in 1536, every parish was required to have a copy.

After Henry’s death, England tilted toward Calvinist-infused Protestantism during Edward VI’s six-year reign and then endured five years of reactionary Catholicism under Mary I. In 1559 Elizabeth I took the throne and, during her 44-year reign, cast the Church of England as a “middle way” between Calvinism and Catholicism, with vernacular worship and a revised Book of Common Prayer.

*  Taken from this article

The fundamental principle of the Reformation was ‘sola scriptura’ * - by scripture alone - and thus rejected the man-made ideas that had permeated the Church. It held that within the Bible was all that was necessary to understand truth, and that it was therefore above tradition or any interpretation of scripture that could not be supported solely within the 66 books of the Bible. So whenever today’s creed is recited, the line “He has spoken through the prophets” cannot possibly mean that when the prophets wrote the scriptures, they transmitted what God had said along with their own thoughts and ideas, some of which are right and some of which are wrong. * This would be nonsense, since it would mean no-one could know what was actually from God and what was not, and everyone could twist and interpret scripture to suit their own particular taste.

* In fact there are five ‘solas:

Solus Christus: by Christ alone
Sola Deo gloria: glory to God alone
Sola scriptura: by scripture alone
Sola fide: by faith alone
Sola gracia: by grace alone

* The idea that only trained intellectuals can know what the Bible actually means is falsified by 1 Cor 1:27 “But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise…” Rather it is those foolish enough to believe God knows what He is talking about who will be seen to have pleased Him.

* Rev 2:4

Unless otherwise stated, all scriptures are taken from the New King James Version. Copyright ©1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

* Ungodly: denies the relevance of God to the universe’s creation and continued existence
Unscriptural: is contrary to the plain teaching of the Bible
Illogical: (for example) it assumes the most highly complex computer known to man - the human brain - appeared as a result of random mistakes
Unscientific: scientific observations falsify the Big Bang, abiogenesis, and the evolution of species as defined by Darwin.

This makes the Archbishop of York’s comment “word, word, word” all the more remarkable. The Church that he helps to lead was founded on “word, word, word,” and every time he says the creed he declares the authority of scripture. It is a denial of the foundation stone of the Church, and in my view makes this debate of far greater importance than the issue it was about. This motion, accepted by the Synod, points to an apostate church: a church that has left its first love * and is making up its own rules and regulations on the basis of personal likes and dislikes.

We have seen it coming for a long time, of course. The idea promoted by intellectuals that the books of the Bible were not written by the people claimed by the text to have done so, and were not written at the time claimed, has been around for a very long time. So by this means the thin end of the wedge was inserted.

It was further pushed into place by the capitulation of many CoE clergy and hierarchy to the ungodly, unscriptural, illogical, unscientific theory of evolution * - a theory designed to produce a universe that could be created and exist without the presence of a Creator. Much of this web site is devoted to this topic, so I will not say more about it here, other than to point out that the act of manipulating clear Bible teaching to accommodate the theory firmly established the principle that man’s reasoning trumps God revelation. So where does it end? All forms of Christian morality and standards become fair game with the deceptive reasoning: “I am the way God made me, so whatever I want is valid and right.”

If you return to sola scriptura, you will see that you are not the way God made you!

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Romans 7:18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one, to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.

So Isaiah tells us that going our own way is both going ‘astray’ and ‘iniquity’: in other words it is following our sinful nature.

Jeremiah 17:9–10 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; who can know it? I, the LORD, search the heart, I test the mind, even to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his doings.

The implied answer to Jeremiah’s question, “who can know it?” of course, is that no–one can know their own heart is deceitful, because by definition they are being deceived by it! So it is impossible to determine what correct behaviour is by looking at ourselves, because the thing we are looking at is defective.

One complaint God had against Israel was that everyone was doing what was right in their own eyes:

Deut 12:8 You shall not at all do as we are doing here today—every man doing whatever is right in his own eyes.

Jer 16:10–12 And it shall be, when you show this people all these words, and they say to you, 'Why has the LORD pronounced all this great disaster against us? Or what is our iniquity? Or what is our sin that we have committed against the LORD our God?' then you shall say to them, 'Because your fathers have forsaken Me,' says the LORD; 'they have walked after other gods and have served them and worshiped them, and have forsaken Me and not kept My law. And you have done worse than your fathers, * for behold, each one follows the dictates of his own evil heart, so that no one listens to Me.

So in God’s eyes, following our own inclination when it is contrary to what He has said is a worse sin than idolatry.

* Emphasis mine

* Rom 5:12–14, 18–19; 6:12; 8:21; 1 Cor 15: 21–22, 49

** Rom 6:23

Right at the heart of the issue is the fact that the Bible tells us God’s perfect creation has been spoiled as a result of sin entering the world, * and everyone born inherits a sinful nature that wants to go its own way instead of God’s. So if my nature is not what God originally intended, and according to the Bible it is not, then it is vital I have some means of distinguishing between my ways and His ways; because, as Jer 17:10 tells us, He is going to give to me according to how I act,** and if this is contrary to what He wants:

Heb 10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

I cannot therefore work out what is right or wrong by looking at my own desires or impulses. In fact ‘sexual immorality’ is specifically singled out as something to avoid, so it is vital that I know what sexual activity is immoral in the sight of God. * Throughout history, people have made excuses in order to do what they want to do; but at the end of my life on Earth I will have to stand before God, and it is His standards by which He will judge, not mine!

* 1 Cor 6:18

Prov 14:12 There is a way that seems right to a man, But its end is the way of death.*

* Also Prov 16:25

Contrary to what some people might think, the commands of God in the Bible are not given in order to make life difficult for us, or because God is a spoilsport who wants to stop us doing enjoyable things. They are there to protect us from activities that will cause us harm. God hates sin because it will kill you! He made us. He knows what makes us tick. So manipulating Bible verses in order to make them say something different to what they quite clearly mean in order to justify  ‘doing my own thing’ is suicidal. It may give me short-term pleasure in this life, but will generate an eternity of regret in the next.

This is why the Synod’s decision is so serious - it has made it valid for everyone to do what is right in their own eyes and thus live lives that will be piling up God’s judgement on them in the future. The motion decries ‘conversion therapy’, but conversion is what Christianity is all about! *

* If ‘conversion therapy’ was restricted to secular techniques and psychological therapies, then it would be different. Such activities are impotent to change a person’s nature. But it is clear from the private member’s motion (link at the top of these notes), point eight of the summary, that it is extended to include Christian teaching, counselling and prayer, which is a very different matter.

Matt 18:3 and said, "Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.

Acts 3:19 Repent therefore and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord,

In fact New Testament conversion is not merely ‘tinkering about’ with what is already there in order to change it, but a completely new start as a new being:

John 3:3, 6–7 Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God"… That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, 'You must be born again.'

1 Pet 1:23 having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever,

The old life is gone and a new one has begun:

2 Cor 5:17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.

However, while the me that lives inside this body has been born again and is a new creation, the body itself has not:

Rom 7:14–19 For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin. For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do. If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good. But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find. For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice.

The answer to the resulting conflict is not to let my body do whatever it fancies, but:

Rom 7:25–8:1 I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin. There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.

The Christian life is a walk of faith - sola fide. Faith means believing something you can’t actually see. So if, after you are born again, your body continues to respond and desire in the way it did before, * the answer is not to say, “Well, that’s the way God made me so it’s ok to carry on doing it,” but “I am now a new creation, so the old things are no longer relevant to me and I can trust the Holy Spirit within me to bring new life into my body and enable me to be pleasing to Him.”

Rom 8:10–11 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

* Although many people do experience significant change in themselves after experiencing the new birth.

How can we know what that new life looks like? By studying the scriptures! But the Archbishop of York says “word, word, word” is wrong! And it appears the Synod agrees with him, because they passed the motion. Calling the CoE ‘apostate’ may have sounded extreme; perhaps it is! However, as I believe I have shown here, the effect of this decision is to undermine, if not destroy, the basic foundation of the Christian faith. It is no longer being born again, but joining a religious club with rules that can be changed at the whim of its leaders to anything they fancy. The Reformation was essential because the Roman Catholic Church adopted beliefs and practices that were not consistent with the teaching of the Bible. Now, the Church of England has done the same, and without a second Reformation, I fail to see how, long-term, it can have any relevance to the true Church of God.

This is not to say that everyone within the CoE is like this, of course. As a member * of a local CoE I know most, if not all, of those with whom I fellowship are indeed born again, love the Lord, and follow the scriptures to the best of their understanding (as do I). But when the national organisation as a whole moves away from orthodox doctrine, then the writing is on the wall.

* At the moment! At the time of writing I am praying and thinking about what personal steps I should take.

In quoting ‘The UK Council for Psychotherapy, The Royal College of General Practitioners and others’, secular organisations that therefore assume no genuine change can be brought into a person’s life by God, the motion is based on the belief that there is no ‘new birth’, * prayer does not change things, and membership of the CoE is entirely about intellectual assent to their doctrine.

2 Tim 3:2, 5 For men will be lovers of themselves… having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!


* Or, at least, the new birth has no significant effect on one’s being.

The Christian Attitude to Sexuality

To return to a part of the motion:

Thus, our diversity as human beings is a reflection of God's creativity and something to celebrate. The biblical concern is not with what we are but how we choose to live our lives, meaning that differing sexual orientations and gender identities are not inherently sinful, nor mental health disorders to be “cured”.” *

* See Professor Lopez’s speech, describing his personal experience of the horrors of gay sex and some implications of the Synod’s decision. (Note: this contains explicit content)

Celebrating activity that God has clearly said is sinful, is thumbing the nose to the Almighty and saying we know better than He how we are made. If it is claimed that the scriptures making this so plain are not a part of His revelation to mankind, then this is a denial of the Creed and the founding principle of the CoE: sola scriptura.

It is also a straw-man argument,* since the Bible is definitely concerned with what we are.

Eph 5:8 For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Walk as children of light

1 Thess 5:5 You are all sons of light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of darkness.

1 Pet 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

1 John 3:2–3 Beloved, now we are children of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is. And everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself, just as He is pure.

* A straw-man argument is one that is based on a false premise

If differing sexual orientations are not inherently sinful,* then why does the Bible say otherwise?

Lev 20:13 If a man lies with a male as he lies with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination. They shall surely be put to death. Their blood shall be upon them.

Rom 1:26–29 For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting; being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual immorality…

* Of course, we must be careful here. It is not sinful to be tempted; and, likewise, it is not sinful to have, or be born with, desires that are contrary to God’s standards - we all experience these. We are not responsible for how we are born, but we are responsible for our behaviour. Sin is what we do, not what we are tempted to do. As the old hymn puts it: “Yield not to temptation, for yielding is sin.”

I accept there may be a grey area here: while one would have thought it is fairly obvious if a body is either male or female, it is certainly the case that, mostly due to mutation,* some people, sadly, are born with bodies not functioning the way they were designed. So babies are born blind, deaf, with malformed limbs, etc. This being the case, it would be surprising if sexuality was not also affected, and it may be that, in rare cases, clearly-defined sexuality is compromised as a result.

* There are other causes, of course. Thalidomide is an obvious example of drug-induced damage.

No-one would say being born blind or deaf is something to be celebrated - rather, every attempt is made to enable them to overcome it and live lives like the rest of us as far as is possible - so why should it be said for someone whose sexuality is not ‘normal’? In saying that, I mean ‘normal’ by Bible definition; i.e. God’s original design. Normal hearing hears all frequencies at all volumes for which God designed it to hear, with no problems such as tinnitus. Normal sight focuses clearly on all objects at all distances and in all lights for which God designed it. A normal sexual relationship is sexual union between one man and one woman within a married relationship, as God makes very clear in His word.*

It is no more sinful to be born LGBT than it is to be born physically disabled; but rather than pander to an aberration (be it physical or sexual) it is incumbent on us to offer as much love, help and support to the person as possible.**

Having said that, by concentrating mostly on ‘transgender’, the Synod is basing a major ruling on a tiny proportion of the population; but on the back of it is riding all the rest of the LBG tendencies and the door has been thrown open for every kind of sexual activity to be counted as acceptable - a concept totally foreign to the Bible.

*Matt 19:4–5

** Of course, we are all born with imperfections, which are more or less apparent depending on their severity and our age. This is the result of living in an imperfect world - broken as a result of the sin that entered it. It has no effect on our worth or value as human beings, but simply means we are lumbered with having to cope with things that would not have been there had Adam, Eve and their descendants, never sinned.

* It is no more here to serve the whole community than the League Against Cruel Sports is there to serve those who want to go bull fighting!

The Archbishop of York said:

If you’re going to serve the whole community please don’t limit our language…

Another straw-man argument! The Church is not here to serve the whole community,* but to serve God! It is here to:

Matt 28:19–20 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

It does not exist to serve Muslims, Buddhists, Atheists or any other non-Christians by enabling or encouraging them to continue in their false understanding. It does exist to show them love by, amongst other things, presenting the truth of the gospel in order that they have the opportunity to turn from darkness to light (Luke 1:79; John 12:46; Acts 26:18; 2 Cor 6:14; Eph 5:8; 1 Pet 2:9).

“Teaching them to observe all things I have commanded you” includes Rom 1:26–29. * The Church is not a social welfare club but a team of Christ’s ambassadors whose task it is to reconcile willing people to God:

2 Cor 5:20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ's behalf, be reconciled to God.

* Paul was taught directly by Jesus:  Gal 1:12. For confirmation the entire Bible is God’s word, see also: Prov 30:5–6; Matt 5:17–18; 22:31–32, 43; Luke 24:27, 44; John 5:39; 2 Peter 1:20–21; 2 Tim 3:16; Acts 1:16; 4:24–25; Rom 3:2; 1 Cor 2:13; 14:37; 1 Thess 2:13; Heb 5:12; 10:7; 2 Pet 3:15–16

You can’t do that by telling them that they can ignore the standard of life He expects and do their own thing. It is certainly the case that we should help the poor and needy, * but if the Church’s primary function of preaching the gospel is undermined by compromising truth, then it ceases to have any relevance. If ‘serve the whole community’ means sharing the truth of the gospel with every person, then this is fair enough: that is the work of the Church. But you can’t do that while at the same time compromising what God has clearly shown to us. Deliverance from the wrath to come * is rendered meaningless if our language is restricted to validating every kind of human activity, be it good or bad (by Bible definitions). We are not slaves to the nature with which we were born, but Jesus offers freedom, ** which includes freedom from the wrath our behaviour will bring upon us. *** The Anglican Church is now saying you can do what you like in regard to sexuality because there is no wrath to come.

* For example Gal 2:10

* Rom 1:18; 9:22; Eph 5:6; Col 3:6

** John 8:36
*** John 3:36; Rom 5:9; 1 Thess 1:10; Rev 6:17

The LGBT community protest that without measures such as the synod has now accepted, they are being denied the opportunity to express the sexuality they were born with - so they are being unfairly singled out. In fact the reverse is the case! What about the unmarried, the widow or widower? Are they too not being denied their sexual expression, unless they are allowed to have extra-marital sex? What about the paedophile? What about the married couple both of whom desire sex with multiple partners? Should they be allowed to express their sexuality?

All of these activities are forbidden by God and even today there would be few in the Church of England who would promote such behaviour - although after this synod decision, it may not be long before they do! However, the LGBT people demanding their sexual expression are actually wanting special treatment - that they should be able to act contrary to scripture where other people may not.

Of course it is terrible that a person should be born with a make-up that means in order to be acceptable to God they must deny themselves and take up their cross in order to follow Him.* It would be wonderful if I could wave a magic wand and make it possible for them to be fulfilled sexually, just as it would be great if I could do this so a person born blind can see, or born deaf can hear. I can’t, but I serve a God who can! And there are those who have experienced this miracle in regard to sexuality, sight and hearing. However, if the miracle does not happen for me for whatever reason, then the fight of faith ** begins and I am obliged to trust God for the enabling to live the way He wants regardless of the way I feel.

* Matt 16:24; Mark 8:34; 10:21; Luke 9:23. Some have made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of God (Matt 19:12). I doubt this means literally, although some may have done so; but it certainly means taking a eunuch’s lifestyle - i.e. celibacy.

** 1 Tim 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life

* Mike Davidson, Director of Core issues Trust, said: "Yesterday Synod passed a motion where it banned conversion therapy... People who want to go the other way, who don't want to be gay, they're not allowed to be recognised, they can't have help.

"What we are doing is we are encouraging people to align their belief system and their body, in other words they will encourage their body to follow what they believe in their mind. Christians are about renewing their mind and following the mind of Christ."

However, all of this is in regard to the tiny minority whose sexuality has been compromised by the way they have been born. It is undoubtedly the case that some LGBT people are drawn to this lifestyle not because of the way they were born, but the way they have been pushed during their lifetime. A perfect example is Professor Robert 'Bobby' Oscar Lopez’s speech, in which he describes how he was manipulated into a gay lifestyle by his upbringing. A huge problem with this synod decision is that, not only will those who wish to leave the lifestyle be prevented from getting the prayerful help they need,* but an atmosphere is created that is geared toward turning children and young people from a heterosexual life to something else. This is nothing short of child abuse!



Who am I to write about this topic? No-one! I am no intellectual and have no qualifications, other than the fact that I have read the entire Bible many times over (certainly into three figures), so I have a good idea what it teaches and am one of the foolish things that believes it. If you disagree with my understanding and are right, then I will apologise to the Lord when I see Him for thinking I could believe His word. If you are wrong, what will you reply when He asks, “Why did you not believe what I so plainly said?”

I don’t want to write any more on this, as the page is too long already. I do go into more detail here on the subject. Instead, I conclude with the following passage written by the Apostle Peter:

2 Pet 2:1–22  But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. And many will follow their destructive ways, because of whom the way of truth will be blasphemed.

By covetousness they will exploit you with deceptive words; for a long time their judgment has not been idle, and their destruction does not slumber. For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly; and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly; and delivered righteous Lot, who was oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked (for that righteous man, dwelling among them, tormented his righteous soul from day to day by seeing and hearing their lawless deeds)—then the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment, and especially those who walk according to the flesh in the lust of uncleanness and despise authority.

They are presumptuous, self-willed. They are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries, whereas angels, who are greater in power and might, do not bring a reviling accusation against them before the Lord. But these, like natural brute beasts made to be caught and destroyed, speak evil of the things they do not understand, and will utterly perish in their own corruption, and will receive the wages of unrighteousness, as those who count it pleasure to carouse in the daytime.

They are spots and blemishes, carousing in their own deceptions while they feast with you, having eyes full of adultery and that cannot cease from sin, enticing unstable souls. They have a heart trained in covetous practices, and are accursed children. They have forsaken the right way and gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; but he was rebuked for his iniquity: a dumb donkey speaking with a man's voice restrained the madness of the prophet. These are wells without water, clouds carried by a tempest, for whom is reserved the blackness of darkness forever.

For when they speak great swelling words of emptiness, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through lewdness, the ones who have actually escaped from those who live in error. While they promise them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by whom a person is overcome, by him also he is brought into bondage. For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and overcome, the latter end is worse for them than the beginning. For it would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered to them. But it has happened to them according to the true proverb: "A dog returns to his own vomit," and, "a sow, having washed, to her wallowing in the mire."




The Principles

The Christian Attitude to Sexuality


Bible Options