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NIRV: New International Reader’s Version

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TNIV: Today’s New International Version

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DARBY: Darby Bible

ESV: English Standard Version

GW: God’s Word Translation

HCSB: Holman Christian Standard Bible

KJV: King James Version

LEB: Lexham English Bible
      (New Testament only)

NASB: New American Standard Bible

NIV: New International Version

All underlined Bible references on this page will cause a pop-up box with the verse to appear when you hover your mouse cursor over it. You can select your preferred version with the Bible Options below by pressing ‘save’. A tick against ‘Libronix’ will put a letter ‘L’ against the references, which, when clicked on, will open in the Bible.logos.com web site. The different versions available are:

Son of God

The Musical


Son of God Book Son of God Book




Son of God Book


The Name of Jesus


The Name for Salvation

'The Divine Name that will Endure Forever'

How Many Gods?

Jesus was not resurrected!


Then you believe

There is some part of man that continues to live after death


God did not destroy Jesus body but restored it to life

Then you believe

You too will be replaced after this life and not resurrected to enjoy eternal life


The scars in Jesus’ hands feet and side were not the result of His suffering but artificially produced in a replacement body


the angels lied - the empty tomb was not evidence that Jesus had risen but simply proof that His body had been destroyed

The Name Above all Names

by Les Sherlock


Unless otherwise stated, all scriptures are taken from the New King James Version. Copyright ©1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Verses marked (W) are from the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (the Watchtower version of the Bible), revised 1970.

* For example:

Luke 1:13 ....you shall call his name John.


Which Name is more important than any other to the person really determined to be obedient to Almighty God? The answer must be found in the Bible which is the ultimate source of reference to the truly committed Christian. Furthermore, the New Testament must provide the most complete answer, as only here can be found the life and teaching of Jesus Christ, and the fulfilment of many of the Old Testament 'mysteries'.

So what does the New Testament teach about The Name? The simplest way to discover this is to investigate all the verses containing the word name. Here we produce a fairly comprehensive list, but excluded are approximately 86 verses containing this word which have no real bearing on the study.*

Verses not having direct effect on the study will only be quoted and not written out in full. Words are omitted only to conserve space and do not alter the meaning of the verse and in any case this can be easily checked. Words in scripture references that are not found in the original Greek text are coloured black.


Named at His birth:

Matthew 1:21,23,25; Luke 1:31; 2:21

Name above all names:

Ephesians 1:20–21 ...Christ ...raised… up ...far above every government and authority and power and lordship and every name named. (W)*

Philippians 2:9–10 For this very reason also God exalted Him to a superior position and kindly gave Him the Name that is above every other name, so that in the Name of Jesus every knee should bend… (W)

Hebrews 1:4 So He has become better than the angels, to the extent that He has inherited a Name more excellent than theirs. (W)

* The Watchtower version of the Bible can be read on-line here, but I do not recommend it unless you have a valid translation of the Bible with which to compare it, because while most of it is a fair translation, there are important differences here and there in the use of words and punctuation that significantly alter the meaning in order to make it line up with JW doctrine where a valid translation contradicts it. For example, it translates Luke 23:43 as “And he said to him: "Truly I tell you today, you will be with me in Paradise." An authentic translation is:

Luke 23:43 And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise."

By altering the punctuation, in this case moving the comma to the other side of the word ‘today’, the meaning is changed to fit Watchtower teaching. This is an important point: there is no punctuation in the Greek or Hebrew languages because they do not need it. The meaning of the sentences is determined by the spelling and positioning of the words. In English, while the spelling of words and their position affects the meaning, punctuation is also required in order to make it clear. So when a translator turns Greek or Hebrew into English, he uses the punctuation required in order for it to say the same in both languages.

This means the idea is not valid that because Greek does not have punctuation you can therefore change it in English. You can’t! The translator has used the punctuation needed to reflect what can be read in Greek, and if by changing the punctuation you are altering the meaning, you are taking it further away from the original, not bringing it closer.

An honoured Name:

Mark 6:14

Acts 19:17...and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.

2 Thessalonians 1:12 that the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you...

The Name proclaimed by God's people:

Luke 24:47 …repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations...

Do you preach repentance in the Name of Jesus?

Acts 8:12 But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ…

Acts 9:15, 17, 27–28 But the Lord said to him, "Be on your way, because this man is a chosen vessel to me to bear my Name to the nations" ...So Ananias went off and entered into the house, and he laid his hands upon him and ...he told them in detail how on the road he had seen the Lord and that He had spoken to him, and how in Damascus he had spoken boldly in the Name of Jesus. And he continued with them ...speaking boldly in the Name of the Lord. (W)

Do you bear the Name of Jesus to the nations?

Revelation 2:13 I know where you are ...and yet you keep on holding fast my Name. (W)*

Revelation 3:8 ...you kept my word and did not prove false to my Name. (W)*

* The context of Revelation 1:17–20 shows these verses do refer to Jesus.

Salvation through His Name:

Matthew 12:21 and in his name Gentiles will trust..

John 1:12 However, as many as did receive Him, to them he gave authority to become God's children, because they were exercising faith in His Name. (W)

John 2:23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.

John 20:31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

Acts 2:21 And everyone who calls on the Name of Jehovah will be saved. (W)*

Acts 4:10, 12 Let it be known ...that in the Name of Jesus Christ ...does this man stand ...Furthermore, there is no salvation in anyone else, for there is not another Name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must get saved. (W)

* The Greek word translated ‘Jehovah’ here is 'kurios' - Lord - and to prove that Jesus is the Lord mentioned, check the context:

Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know for a certainty that God made Him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus...

Do you believe that salvation can only come from believing in the Name of Jesus, by putting faith in Jesus, and that there is no other name which will enable us to be saved?

Acts 10:36, 43 ...Jesus Christ: this One is Lord of all....To Him all the prophets bear witness, that everyone putting faith in Him gets forgiveness of sins through His Name. (W)

Acts 22:16 ...wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.*

Romans 1:5 Through whom we received grace and apostleship for obedience of faith among all the nations on behalf of the Name of Him...**

* Proof that this refers to Jesus Christ is found in Acts 9:15, 17 (quoted above)

** Nestle's Interlinear English/Greek text

*** Greek ‘kuriou’ - LORD.  Jesus is the LORD being referred to - see the context:

Romans 10:9. For if you publicly declare that word in your mouth, that Jesus is Lord (Greek - kurion), and exercise faith in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.

The reader of the original Greek would see from v9 that Jesus is ‘kurion’ (Lord) and from v13 that calling upon the Name of kuriou (therefore the Name of Jesus - the change of letter at the end alters only the case, not the meaning) produces salvation. To translate kuriou as ‘Jehovah’ is not only inaccurate but dishonest as it treats kurion (Lord) differently from what is clear in the original. If it is claimed that kuriou should be translated as ‘Jehovah’, then v9 reads ‘...Jesus is Jehovah’!

Romans 10:13 For everyone who calls on the Name of Jehovah*** will be saved. (W)

1 Corinthians 6:11 ...But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus...

1 John 3:23 And this is His commandment: that we should believe on the name of His Son Jesus Christ...

1 John 5:13 These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.

Is your faith in the Name of Jesus?

Condemnation apart from His Name:

John 3:18 ...he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

Baptism in His Name:

Matthew 28:19 ...baptising them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.*

Acts 2:38 ...Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ...

Acts 8:16 ...They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

* Note that 'Name' is singular, not plural - Name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, not names of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. One Name, but three persons.

Acts 10:48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord...

Acts 19:5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

So, in spite of the clear instruction to baptise in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, there is no New Testament record of any baptism other than that in the Name of Jesus. The only explanation is that either the disciples were being terribly disobedient (unthinkable), or that baptising in the Name of Jesus is baptising in the Name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit sent in His Name:

John 14:26

Signs, wonders, miracles, works, healings, results of faith, devils cast out in His Name:

Matthew 7:22 ...Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?

Matthew 18:5 Whoever receives one little child like this in My name receives Me.

Matthew 19:29 And everyone who has left… for My name's sake, shall receive..

Mark 9:37–39 "Whoever receives one of these little children in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me, receives not Me but Him who sent Me." Now John answered Him, saying, "Teacher, we saw someone who does not follow us casting out demons in Your name, and we forbade him because he does not follow us." But Jesus said, "Do not forbid him, for no one who works a miracle in My name can soon afterward speak evil of Me.

Mark 9:41 For whoever gives you drink a cup of water in the Name because of Christ you are, truly I tell you....*

Mark 16:17 ...In My name they will cast out demons...

Luke 9:48, 49 ... “Whoever receives this little child in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me receives Him who sent Me. For he who is least among you all will be great." Now John answered and said, "Master, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name..

* Nestle's Interlinear English/Greek text. The contrast between the New World translation and the original Greek in this verse is startling. The words ‘cup of water’ have been omitted: but why? (Note: this was written with quotations taken from the 1970 revision of the Watchtower Bible. In the on-line version - revised 2013 -  these words have been included!)

Luke 10:17 Then the seventy returned with joy, saying, "Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name."

John 14:13–14 ...whatever it is that you ask in My Name, I will do this, in order that the Father may be glorified in connection with* the Son. If you ask anything in My Name I will do it. (W)

John 15:16 ...that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.

* These two words do not appear in the Greek text. Their use here distorts the meaning which is quite plain in the original - The Father is glorified in the Son, not merely in connection with the Son!

John 16:23–24, 26 ...whatever you ask the Father in My name He will give you. Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full… In that day you will ask in My name…

Acts 3:6 Then Peter said, "Silver and gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk." Acts 3:16 And His name, through faith in His name, has made this man strong,

Acts 4:7, 10 ... they asked, "By what power or by what name have you done this?"...let it be known… by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth… this man stands here before you whole.

Acts 4:30 ...signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your holy Servant Jesus.

Acts 16:18 ...But Paul, greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, "I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her."

1 Corinthians 5:4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together...

Colossians 3:17 And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through Him.

Do you do everything in the Name of Jesus?

1 John 2:12 I write to you, little children, Because your sins are forgiven you for His name's sake.

3 John 7 because they went forth for His name's sake...

Paul writes and commands in His Name:

1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I plead with you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ…

2 Thessalonians 3:6 But we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ…

God's people everywhere call on His Name:

1 Corinthians 1:2 ...to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all who in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord…

Gatherings in His Name:

Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.

Those naming His Name depart from sin:

2 Timothy 2:19 For all that, the solid foundation of God stays standing, having this seal: “Jehovah* knows those who belong to Him,” and: “Let everyone naming the Name of Jehovah* renounce unrighteousness.” (W)

* The Greek here is kuriou - LORD - and to prove Jesus is the LORD being. referred to check the context: 2 Tim 1:2 ...peace from God the Father and Jesus Christ OUR LORD (kuriou). Additionally, 2 Tim 2:1, 8, 10 show that it is Jesus rather than the Father or the Holy Spirit who is being considered throughout the letter. Furthermore, as kuriou is translated Lord in verses 2 Tim 2:22, 24, it is inconsistent to translate it as Jehovah in verse 2:19.

Suffering for His Name:

Matthew 10:22 And you will be hated by all for My name's sake...

Matthew 24:9 ...and you will be hated by all nations for My name's sake.

Mark 13:13 And you will be hated by all for My name's sake...

Luke 21:12 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons. You will be brought before kings and rulers for My name's sake.

Luke 21:17 And you will be hated by all for My name's sake.

If you suffer persecution, is it because of the Name of Jesus?

Acts 4:17, 18 But so that it spreads no further among the people, let us severely threaten them, that from now on they speak to no man in this name." So they called them and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.

Acts 5:28 saying, "Did we not strictly command you not to teach in this name?...

Acts 5:40–41...they summoned the apostles, flogged them, and ordered them to stop speaking upon the basis of Jesus Name, and let them go ...went their way ...rejoicing because they had been counted worthy to be dishonoured in behalf of His Name.

Acts 9:14 And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all who call on Your name.

Acts 9:16 For I will show him how many things he must suffer for My name's sake."

Acts 9:21 ...Is this not he who destroyed those who called on this name in Jerusalem..

Acts 15:26 men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Acts 21:13  …I am ready not only to be bound, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus."

Acts 26:9 Indeed, I myself thought I must do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.

1 Peter 4:14 If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you…

Revelation 2:3 and you have persevered and have patience, and have labored for My name's sake and have not become weary. *

* Context proves this refers to Jesus: Revelation 1:17–18 ...I am the First and the Last and the Living One; and I became dead, but look! I am living forever...

Giving thanks in His Name:

Ephesians 5:20 giving thanks always for all things to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,

Jesus’ new Name:

Revelation 19:12, 13, 16 ...He had a name written that no one knew except Himself… and His name is called The Word of God… And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

 Deceivers coming in His Name:

Matthew 24:5; Mark 13:6; Luke 21:8; Acts 19:13

The following references are those in which it cannot conclusively be proved from the original Greek text whether they refer to Jesus or the Father:

God’s (theos) Name:

Luke 1:49 Holy

Hebrews 6:10; 13:15 Honoured

Romans 2:24; James 2:7; Revelation 13:6; 16:9; 1 Timothy 6:1 Blasphemed

Acts 15:14 A people for His Name.

The Lord's (kurios) Name:

Acts 15:17 Called on.

James 5:10, 14 Works done in.

The Lord God's Name (kurios ho theos):

Revelation 11:17, 18 Rewards for fearing.

The Father's Name:

Matthew 21:9; 23:39; Mark 11:9, 10; Luke 13:35; 19:38; John 5:43; 12:13 Jesus came in.

John 10:25; 17:11, 12, 26 Jesus worked in.

Matthew 6:9; Luke 11:2; John 12:28; 17:6; Hebrews 2:12 Jesus honoured.

Romans 9:17 Declared and honoured.

Ephesians 3:15 All families named by

Matthew 28:19 Baptism in

Revelation 14:1 In the foreheads of 144,000.



As can be seen from these scriptures, the number of references to the Name of Jesus is startling, when contrasted with the number of references to God where they clearly do not refer to Jesus. It is obvious from all these scriptures that in the early Church a very great emphasis was placed on the Name of Jesus.

The message that the New Testament Christians preached was that salvation comes through/in the Name of Jesus, and indeed apart from that Name, salvation is impossible (John 3:18). All they did, whether natural or supernatural, was done in Jesus’ Name; including baptism, which as previously pointed out would have been extraordinary disobedience in an act which was considered to be a vital element in salvation (Acts 2:38), unless it was what they had been told to do.

It is evident from the scriptures listed under the heading of Suffering for His Name that the major cause of persecution for the early Christians by the Jews was their insistence on the use of the Name of Jesus. This is understandable, as up until this time God's Name had always been known to them as ‘Jehovah’, but now attributes which had always been linked with that Name were declared to be the domain of Jesus. For example, they knew from Old Testament scriptures that there was no other Saviour but Jehovah (Isaiah 43:3, 11). Now they are told the only Saviour is Jesus (Acts 4:10, 12).

It is certainly worth noting that the Name of The Father is barely mentioned at all outside of the Gospels. From this can be seen that the Name by which the early Christians lived, worked and died was Jesus, but that the Name by which Jesus lived, worked and died was that of The Father - although there is no evidence that He ever spoke the Name Jehovah. Indeed, while the Watchtower organisation calls itself ‘Jehovah’s Witnesses’, the New Testament Christians were Jesus’s witnesses:

Acts 1:8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."

Acts 2:32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses.

Acts 3:15 and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses.

Acts 5:32 And we are His witnesses to these things, and so also is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey Him."

Acts 10:39–41 And we are witnesses of all things which He did both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem… Him God raised up on the third day, and showed Him openly, not to all the people, but to witnesses chosen before by God, even to us who ate and drank with Him after He arose from the dead.

Acts 13:31 He was seen for many days by those who came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are His witnesses to the people.

For the Christian, everything revolves around Jesus:

John 6:35 And Jesus said to them, "I am the bread of life.

John 8:12 Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, "I am the light of the world.

John 10:7 Then Jesus said to them again, "Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.

John 10:11 "I am the good shepherd.

John 11:25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life.

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life.

John 15:1 I am the true vine,

Rev 22:13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last.

Since the Bible says of Jesus:

Heb 1:2–3 …His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; …who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person…

…then serving Jesus is serving Jehovah; worshipping Jesus is worshipping Jehovah; honouring the name of Jesus is honouring the name of Jehovah.

In summary, because Jesus (The Word of God) is the revelation of God to mankind, His work is to honour the Name of the Father. But because He is the revelation of the Father to us, our work is to honour the Name of Jesus – the English form of the Hebrew name Y'SHUA. This means Jehovah is salvation, according to the Watchtower booklet The Divine Name That Will Endure Forever, printed in 1984 and in future referred to as DNTEF.

The Name for Salvation


In DNTEF, it is claimed that the Name Jehovah must be used by those seeking salvation:

Page 16: (Paul goes) ...out to preach about God’s Name to others in order that these, too, might be saved.

In fact according to them, salvation is impossible for anyone unless they do this!

Page 26: ...our salvation is closely linked with a proper appreciation of God’s Name.

Page 28: ...Paul stressed how vital it is for us to know God’s Name...

Page 31: Thus the benefits from knowing and loving God’s Name are not limited to this life only. To obedient man-kind, God has promised everlasting life...

Acts 4:10–12 says that Jesus is the only Name for salvation. The Watchtower says that it is not. Which do you believe, the Watchtower or the Bible?

To explain the absence of this Name in the Greek documents from which their own version is translated, they explain:

Page 24: Did something happen to the text of the Christian Greek scriptures before the fourth century that resulted in the omission of God’s Name? The facts prove that something did.

Page 25: ...while the Jews refused to pronounce God’s Name, the apostate Christian Church managed to remove it completely from the Greek language manuscripts of both parts of the Bible...

Page 26: ...Bible translators and students came to realise that without God’s Name, some parts of the ...scriptures are very difficult to understand properly ...This example demonstrates how the removal of the Name of God from the Greek scriptures contributed to confusing Jesus and Jehovah in the minds of many. Undoubtedly, it contributed greatly to the development of the doctrine of the trinity!

But then the Watchtower Magazine dated Feb. 1 1989 states:

Page 29: divergences between manuscripts of the Bible are superficial... In no case is any point of Christian doctrine affected by scribal corruption.

Page 30: It is reassuring in the end to find that the general result of all these discoveries and all this study is to strengthen the proof of the authenticity of the Scriptures, and our conviction that we have in our hands, in substantial integrity, the veritable word of God.

It is quite clear that the manuscripts referred to here are those from which our English versions are translated – not the original autographs. Otherwise there would be no need for reassurance or proof that “we have in our hands the veritable word of God.”

These extracts cannot be reconciled! They are totally contradictory. On the one hand we are told that no change has been made to the scriptures which will have any effect on Christian doctrine. On the other we read that all the New Testament scriptures in existence have been doctored by the removal of God’s Name, which radically affects the doctrine of God and salvation.

At the risk of labouring the point, let me make it quite clear. In the magazine it says the Greek manuscripts we have are accurate on every point of doctrine. In the DNTEF it admits that if the New Testament manuscripts do not contain the name Jehovah, then the doctrine of the Trinity is the logical outcome.

Do you believe that the New Testament scriptures, from which your Bible has been translated, have been altered in any significant way?

Therefore, by their own words it can be seen that:

  • No-one reading the original Greek text would find the doctrine of the nature of God as taught by the Watchtower.
  • Only by their radical alteration of the original text (an action to which they readily admit in DNTEF) can their view of God be supported.

While it is accepted by the Watch-tower that the Name Jehovah cannot be found in any New Testament document in existence, they claim the reason for this is that unscrupulous men altered the scriptures when they were copying them during the early centuries, and none of the accurate originals have survived (p.25). This may be considered an adequate explanation by Jehovah's Witnesses, but for many others seriously and conscientiously studying the scriptures in a genuine desire to be obedient to the One True God, there are a number of points which arise from this statement:

1] Is Almighty God so weak that He could not have preserved even one single New Testament document which included His own Name - the Name without which no one could ever enter into the salvation for which He went to so much trouble to provide?

Actually, the Watchtower emphatically answers this question, “No!” In DNTEF it is stated that if it had been important for us to know how YHWH is actually pronounced, God would have ensured that this detail would have been preserved (page 7). Therefore, it is logical to take the next step and say that if it was important to use the Name YHWH, then He would have ensured that the Name would be preserved in New Testament scriptures. After all, Jehovah's Witnesses are a comparatively new sect, and so for over 1800 years mankind has been prevented from learning the only way of salvation, according to their teaching.

2] A person altering Holy Scriptures would obviously be intent on preventing people from learning the truth about God, so it seems hardly likely he/they would alter only one word. What else has been altered? If you accept this scenario, then you are unable to answer this question, as according to the Watchtower there are no accurate copies of the scriptures in existence.

Therefore, if you accept that one word has been deliberately altered, you accept that there is no part of the New Testament which one can absolutely guarantee is in its original form. The result of this, is that every false cult under the sun now has the perfect excuse for altering what does not suit them, and claiming that they have the only true version.

3] In claiming the originals have been altered in this way, Jehovah’s Witnesses are admitting that the Greek text from which their own version of the New Testament was translated gives no basis for their dogma that only the Name of Jehovah can bring salvation. They are admitting that no one reading from the Greek text would come to a belief such as their own. It is only by claiming that every single New Testament document in mankind’s possession is a fake, that their teaching can be maintained.

4] If a member of any religious denomination, when presented with scriptures which invalidate his belief, was to respond with the reply that the reason for the discrepancy is that the Greek text has been altered, the Watchtower would quite rightly make the point that this is simply an excuse to cover the fact he has refused to accept God’s word as it stands. This is a point they now have to answer themselves.

5] Any organisation/individual who, on finding the Bible conflicts with their own teaching/belief(s), claims it is the Bible that is wrong can no longer be taken seriously. Indeed they can be safely ignored.

6] Translating the Greek word kuriou (Lord) as Jehovah produces some strange effects. For example, in Acts 4:10, 12 it says,”...in the Name of Jesus ...there is not another Name under Heaven that has been given among men by which we must get saved.” That is very plain - the only name for salvation is the Name Jesus. But Romans 10:13 in the Watchtower version reads, “For everyone who calls on the Name of Jehovah will be saved.” - a direct contradiction.

It cannot be true that the only Name for salvation is Jesus, and at the same time those who call on the Name of Jehovah will be saved. The only way to prevent the contradiction, is to use the accurate translation of the word kuriou which even the Watchtower has to admit, is Lord. This now results in Romans 10:13 (...everyone who calls on the Name of the Lord will be saved) being complimentary, and not contradictory to Acts 4:10, 12. (It is worth pointing out here, that the promise is that everyone who calls on the Name of the Lord will be saved - the certainty of eternal life is available to all!)

7] The Watchtower claims that when Jesus read from Isaiah 61 in the temple, He must have used the Name Jehovah and ignored the common custom never to verbalise that word. What evidence is there that this happened? None, other than the Watchtower’s contention – unsupported by any New Testament scripture – that this Name was commonly used by Jesus and the New Testament Christians. On the other hand, Luke, the inspired author, writing in the power of the Holy Spirit who leads into all truth, reports that Jesus said “kuriou.” If Jesus had said “Jehovah” then Luke would have written “Jehovah."

8] DNTEF makes the point that it is very wrong to translate the Name Jehovah as Lord as is the custom in many translations of the Old Testament. This must be considered a valid point. It is obviously wrong to make the slightest deviation from the original, bearing in mind that in translation the laws of grammar and availability of words may force slight changes due to the variation from one language to another; and of course there is the tension between producing a word-for-word translation as opposed to a what-was-in-the-mind-of-the-author translation, which can be rather different. But having been most forceful on this point, they then go on to admit to doing exactly the same thing themselves with the same two words (only the other way around of course) 237 times in the New Testament. If it is wrong to translate Jehovah as Lord, then it is equally wrong to translate Lord as Jehovah. It appears that they have simply walked through the New Testament on no basis except their own preconceived ideas, and altered the text to suit their own theories.

My conclusion is that the doctrine of the Jehovah’s Witnesses, while superficially appearing attractive to religious people with an incomplete knowledge of the Bible, simply cannot stand up to serious comparison with genuine teaching based on an accurate translation of God's Word.

See here for 100 truths about Jesus found in the Bible.

'The Divine Name that will Endure Forever'


In this booklet we’ve been considering, there are approximately 150 Bible references in support of the teaching. As most contain more than one verse, this makes at least 300 verses - probably more. Very impressive! Until one examines them, and discovers that of all these references only 24 from the New Testament have direct relevance to the Name of God the Father. On closer examination, it becomes apparent that some of the verses are repeated as many as five times over, and in fact there are only 11 different references quoted. They are (where a verse appears more than once, the number of repeats are in brackets):

1. (5 times) Matthew 6:9 ...Our Father in the Heavens, let Your Name be sanctified. (W)

2. (twice) Matthew 28:19 ...baptising them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. (W)

3. John 12:28 Father, glorify Your Name… (W)

4. John 17:6 I have made Your Name manifest to the men You gave me… (W)

5. (4 times) John 17:26 And I have made Your Name known to them and will make it known. (W)

6. Luke 4:18–19 Jehovah’s (kuriou) Spirit is upon me ...to preach Jehovah’s (kuriou) acceptable year. (W)

7. (twice) Acts 2:21 And everyone who calls on the Name of Jehovah (kuriou) will be saved. (W)

8. (3 times) Acts 15:14–15 ...God ...turned His attention to the nations to take out of them a people for His Name. And with this the words of the prophet agree. (W)

9. (5 times). Romans 10:13 For everyone who calls on the Name of Jehovah (kuriou) will be saved (W)

10. 2 Tim. 2:19 For all that, the solid foundation of God stays standing, having this seal: "Jehovah (kuriou) knows those who belong to Him," and: "Let everyone naming the Name of Jehovah (kuriou) renounce unrighteousness." (W)

11. Revelation 19:1, 3–4, 6 ...a great crowd in Heaven. They said, “Praise Jah” ...for the second time they said, “Praise Jah” ...twenty four older persons and the four living creatures ...said, "Praise Jah” ...They said, “Praise Jah...” (W)

All of these references have been mentioned earlier in this study, except for the verses from Luke and Revelation. My points regarding the alteration of the original text can be found earlier (references 7 & 9 above).

1 & 3 There is no teaching in any denomination I know which says that God's Name should not be sanctified/glorified.

2 This verse does not say in which name people should be baptised – but throughout the New Testament, the disciples baptised in the Name of Jesus.

6, 7, 9, & 10 Which have been changed to make them support Watchtower theories.

11 Examples of the most common expression of praise to God used in all the denominations.

This leaves just three verses (4, 5, & 8) on which to base the theory. Not one of these verses contains a command to Christians to do anything in the Name of Jehovah. In spite of the claim on page 26 of DNTEF that Paul meant in Romans 10:13 that we should call on the Name of Jehovah, when you compare the overwhelming weight of evidence in the scriptures quoted in this study with the few in a booklet designed to present absolute proof on the subject, you can be left with no doubt that Paul meant kuriou - the Lord - Jesus.

It is acknowledged that the disputed verses (6, 7, 9 & 10) are quotations from the Old Testament which contain the Name YHWH, being the revelation of God’s identity to man at that time. However, Jesus came to provide a more complete revelation of God:

John 14:9 – He that has seen me (Jesus) has seen the Father also. (W)*

The Name by which God now reveals Himself to man is Jehovah-Saviour, or in its shorter Greek form Yeshua — Jesus.

* The word ‘also’ does not appear in the original text

It must also be observed that in Romans 10:13, Acts 2:21 and 2 Timothy 2:19, these Old Testament passages are taken by the speaker and applied to Jesus. In each case, the speaker declares Jesus to be kurios and quotes the Old Testament using that same word – kurios – instead of YHWH. This is why the early Christians' use of the Name of Jesus caused persecution from the Jews who had rejected Christianity.

What was it about using the Name of Jesus that brought
such persecution to the early Church?

See here

How Many Gods?


The Watchtower will quote verses to support the point that there is one God. But this is not the real issue. I, too, believe there is one God. Not two Gods; not three Gods; not ten Gods; one God. The issue is not how many Gods there are, but what the nature of that one God is!

Of course the word trinity does not appear in the Bible. Probably because the connotations it throws up can be so easily misunderstood - in the way the Watchtower misunderstands it, for example. It is not a word I like myself, but is a convenient label to attach to a highly complex concept. I am quite happy to dispense with the word, but what I cannot do is ignore the very clear Bible verses which point very definitely in the opposite direction to the Watchtower teaching.

For example, in regard to Jesus:

John 1:1 In the beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. (W)*

* Note that all Greek scholars other than J.W.s accept this translation is incorrect. Greek grammar demands that the verse should end: ‘the Word was God’.

The Watchtower claim that Jesus was a god who accompanied the God is quite clearly unscriptural:

Isaiah 44:6–8 This is what Jehovah has said ...I am the first and the last, and besides me there is no god. And who is there like me? Let him call out that he may tell it and present it to me... Does there exist a god besides me? No, there is no rock. I have recognised none. (W)

Isaiah 45:5 I am Jehovah ...With the exception of me there is no god. (W)

Isaiah 45:6 ...I am Jehovah and there is no-one else. (W)

Isaiah 45:12 I myself have made the earth ... I – My own hands have stretched out the heavens… (W)

Isaiah 45:18 I am Jehovah and there is no-one else. (W)

Isaiah 45:21... Is it not I, Jehovah, besides whom there is no other god; a righteous God and Saviour, there being none except me? (W)

Isaiah 45:22 I am God, and there is no-one else. (W)

Isaiah 46:9 ...I am the divine One, and there is no other god, nor anyone like me. (W)

Be very clear about this point. Isaiah says Jehovah is the only God and there is no other god, yet according to John, Jesus (the Word) was a god (by Watchtower Translation) with Him. According to Isaiah, Jehovah created everything by Himself, yet John tells us that all things were created through Jesus. According to Isaiah, there is no-one else like Jehovah, yet Colossians 1:15 tells us that Jesus is the image of the invisible God.

The only way these passages can be true, is by Jesus being included in the being called Jehovah and that when John says “the Word was God” he means the Word was God!

John 5:18 ...he (Jesus) was also calling God His own Father, making Himself equal to God. (W)*

John 20:28 ...Thomas said to Him (Jesus): "My Lord and my God". (W)**

* Note: This is the conclusion of the apostle John, who is writing here.

**This is an act of worship of Jesus as God, which Jesus would have rebuked if wrong.

***The only way Jesus could exist in God’s form was by being God. It does not say He was in a form like God, but was in God’s form.

****So the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end is identified first as God, and then later as Jesus.

Philippians 2:5–6 ...Christ Jesus, who, although He was existing in God's form… (W)***

Revelation 21:6–7....I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end ......and I shall be his God. (W)****

Revelation 22:13, 16 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end........I, Jesus… (W)****

Notice also that in Revelation 22:6 it is Jehovah who sent His angel, while in Revelation 22:16 it is Jesus who did this.

Furthermore, in the Isaiah passage quoted earlier, Jehovah is called the first and the last. Now Jesus applies that title to Himself. There can't be two Alpha's, two Omega's, two First's, two last's; that would be nonsense. One Alpha; one Omega; one First; one Last; one God! If you reduce God to the level of man, then of course that is contradictory. But the Bible shows that God is omnipresent - everywhere at the same time; so why should it be impossible for Him to reveal Himself in more than one place and more than one form at the same time?

If God is Almighty and omnipresent, is it impossible for Him to reveal Himself in more than one form and more than one place at the same time?

Finally, if the Holy Spirit is not a person (to use an inadequate human term), why does the Bible refer to Him as HE in John’s gospel?

John 16:13–14 ..when that One arrives, the Spirit of the truth, He will guide you into all truth, for He will not speak of His own impulse, but what things He hears He will speak, and He will declare to you the things coming. That One will glorify me, because He will receive from what is mine and will declare it to you. (W)

The Watchtower tries to get around this, by claiming that he refers to the Father from whom the Holy Spirit comes. But not only does this once again destroy the laws of grammar, it also produces nonsense – "He will not speak of His own impulse". If He refers to the Holy Spirit, then it is clear that He speaks by the impulse of the Father; but if He refers to the Father, what impulse could He speak by, if it was not His own?

Mark 7:7 would appear to be appropriate to this Watchtower teaching:

and in vain they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.'

Jesus was not resurrected!


This startling lie is the result of Watch-tower teaching. While all Jehovah's Witnesses will claim vehemently that they believe in the resurrection, in actual fact their beliefs make this impossible.

Firstly, they teach that man does not have a spirit – they say this word simply refers to his breath. Nor does he have a soul (they claim) – he is a soul. So man is simply a physical being, and when his body dies, his being goes out of existence. Only by his body being resurrected, can a man have existence restored. There is nothing in a human being that can continue to exist outside of the body after death.

Secondly, according to:

 Philippians 2:7 (Jesus) "...emptied Himself and took a slave's form and came to be in the likeness of men". (W)

So they must accept that when Jesus was born, all that He had been prior to that event was gone and He was now entirely man. He had no eternal soul or spirit within His human form that could continue to exist after He died, according to Watchtower teaching. So when Jesus died, He ceased to exist. He must have done as He was fully man and as such there was nothing within Him that could continue to exist after the death of His body.

Thirdly, they teach that the body that was killed on 'the torture stake' (as they prefer to call it) could not have been brought back to life, because this would have been:

 'taking the sacrifice off the altar'.

God in some way destroyed that body and created a new one. So the body that the disciples saw after the resurrection was not the same one that had died a few days earlier, but a different one.

Now put those three points together. The result is that the Jesus who died for the sins of the world could not have been resurrected because only by restoring the original body to life could this take place. He had no soul or spirit that could inhabit a different body, therefore He could only live again by the same flesh being resurrected. But the Watchtower says that God destroyed that flesh and made a second body. So the Jesus who came out of the tomb must have been a second Jesus – a duplicate of the first, but not the first.

This point is vital, because as evangelical Christians would see it, according to Romans 10:9 it is only by believing Jesus was raised from the dead that a person can be saved. So a person accepting Watchtower teaching cannot be saved, because although they may use the words "I believe Jesus was raised from the dead," they actually mean the opposite – that a duplicate copy of Jesus was created by God and presented himself as being the same Jesus who had died; while in fact the Jesus who had died was a body that God had destroyed for all time.

This has implications for us, because we will have a resurrection like His (Romans 6:5). If His resurrection was actually replacement, then so shall ours be!

On the other hand, if they accept that the resurrected Jesus is the same Jesus who died, then they have to accept that He had a spirit, or a soul, or something that could continue to exist apart from the body and be transferred from the first body to the second body. Because Jesus was totally man, then it follows that we also must have something within us that continues to exist apart from the body.

There are problems if we believe that Jesus' original body was destroyed:

  • The scars which He displayed to His disciples as evidence that it was really Him, were not present in His new body as a result of the nails and the spear. The body that suffered these things had been destroyed by God. So these scars were a fake – artificially introduced into the replica body by God. Can God ever indulge in deception?
  • The angels said to the people at the tomb that the fact it was empty proved Jesus had risen – Matt. 28:6;  Mark 16:6;  Luke 24:5–8. But if His body had been destroyed by God, it proved no such thing. All it proved was that His body had been destroyed by God. So the angels were lying!

Was Jesus

Resurrected?                                Or                                   Replaced?



By introducing its own doctrines and changing Scripture in order to try to prove them, the Watchtower has in fact taken away from its followers the only way for salvation. If you have managed to read as far as this, then I implore you to ignore man's theories and trust only in what God has said in His Word, which is:

  • Believe that Jesus died for you and rose again on the third day
  • Ask Him to forgive your sins and make you His child. You will become a child of God
  • Be water-baptised in the Name of Jesus

The result of giving your life to God in this way is that you will be endued with the presence of His Holy Spirit and a possessor of the certainty of eternal life.

Evangelical Christians quote the following Scriptures to prove that the Bible teaches this is the way of salvation.

Romans 10:9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.

1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

John 1:12, 13  But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Acts 2:38 Then Peter said to them, "Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

1 John 5:13 These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.



Then you believe the Watchtower is not telling the truth in
The Divine Name that will Live Forever!


Then you believe the Watchtower is not telling the truth in the Watchtower Magazine dated Feb 1 1989

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